Cannabis oil is an essential that is extracted from the Cannabis sativa, Linn. The oil is very volatile, and it has various chemical constituents including sesquiterpenes, monoterpenes, and other organic compounds. The oil has different applications. Cannabis is used medically in the management of some conditions. It is also utilized in the manufacture of soaps, perfumes, and candles.
Cannabis oil extraction
Steam distillation is used to obtain cannabis oil from the parts of the cannabis plant. The parts used in the extraction of the hemp oil include the flowers and the upper leaves. The typical scent of the cannabis essential oil is as a result of the terpenoid contents. The yield obtained from the extraction process depends on various factors such as the age of the cannabis plants as well as the part of the plant used and the method of cultivation. Fresh buds of the Afghani variety usually produces 0.29 percent of the CBD oil. Drying and storage process of the essential oil impacts the final yield. The Afghani variety typically reduces its yield from 0.29 % to 0.20 % after one week of the drying process. The yield reduces to 0.13 percent after three months of continued drying.
Constituents of the CBD oil
A total of 68 chemical constituents were detected in the oil using various methods such as gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. The majority of the chemical constituents were found to be monoterpenes which were at 92 percent. Sesquiterpenes were also found to be seven percent while other compounds such as esters and ketones occupied one percent. Myrcene and limonene were the dominant terpenes.
Health benefits of cannabis oil
• Anxiety and stress
The most widespread medical use of CBD oil is in the management of stress and anxiety disorders. The natural compounds found in the essential oil including THC help in releasing pressure hormones in the body and relax the mind. The end-result will reduce anxiety levels and give one a sense of relaxation.
• Sleep disorders
The cannabis oil can be used in the management of sleep disorders such as insomnia. Individuals who fail to get enough sleep at night due to anxiety issues can be treated using the essential oil as we can read on CBDSense CBD oil products
• Pain relief
Several studies have revealed the analgesic properties of CBD essential oil. The analgesic efficacy of cannabis oil is approximately equivalent to that produced by codeine. People suffering from conditions that are accompanied by pain tend to benefit from the use of the essential oil. Individuals who have cancer use cannabis essential oil and other cannabis-related products to relieve pain.
• Skin protection
The CBD oil can be applied topically or ingested to help in preventing various skin disorders. The chemical compounds contained in the essential oil can stimulate dead skin cells to produce new healthy skin cells. Cannabis oil can also get rid of wrinkles and other signs of the aging process. The oil is also used to prevent hair loss in in individuals suffering from alopecia.
Glaucoma is a condition of the eye that is characterized by an increased intraocular pressure. The increase in pressure is due to the accumulation of the intraocular fluid. Several studies have shown that cannabis oil can be used to reduce the intraocular pressure and also prevent the degeneration of macular cells.